Hair loss in men is very common. According to the American Hair Loss Association, nearly two-thirds of men lose their hair before the age of 35. Nearly 85% men experience hair loss and hair loss before the age of 50. Although androgenetic alopecia or prevalent male pattern baldness causes most cases of male hair loss, there are several other causes that can lead to male pattern baldness.
Causes of hair loss
To find out the best possible treatment for hair loss in men, it is important to find out whether the hair loss is genetic or caused by some other reason. The most common cause is male pattern baldness, which is hereditary and can start as early as puberty. Men with this condition genetically inherit hair that is sensitive to DHT. This is a hormone that reduces the lifespan of hair follicles.
Some other causes of hair loss are:
Medical causes - conditions such as anaemia, diabetes, lupus erythematosus or thyroid disease can cause hair loss. Male hair loss can also be a side-effect of some medicines used to treat conditions such as cancer, high blood pressure, arthritis and depression. Treatments such as radiation and chemotherapy can also cause temporary hair loss.
Infections - infections such as ringworm can damage the hair and skin on your scalp, causing scaly patches and bald spots.
Alopecia Areata is a condition where the immune system attacks your hair follicles, causing smooth, round, bald patches on your scalp.
Pulling disorder - many people have an uncontrollable urge to pull their hair out. This is a chronic condition in which the individual pulls hair from the scalp, eyebrows or other parts of the body.
Stress or trauma - severe emotional or physical trauma or stress can cause hair loss.
Symptoms of hair loss
Symptoms of male pattern hair loss can include:
Scalp hair loss - hair starts to thin at the crown and around the temples.
The hairline recedes. Many men experience a receding hairline by their late 30s. It usually starts above the temples and the hairline moves back across the front of the head.
Hair loss on the head - this balding form often creates a horseshoe pattern, leaving the top of the head exposed.
Hair loss: prevention tips
Once you have identified the cause of your hair loss, it may be possible to prevent further hair loss or at least slow down the process.
Diet - A balanced diet can help fight factors that damage hair follicles. Eat a diet rich in antioxidants such as legumes, beans, berries, kale and spinach. Avoid sugar, preservatives, processed fats and alcohol.
Supplements - some nutritional deficiencies in the body can cause hair loss. Supplementation with iron, zinc, vitamin B-12, selenium and niacin can help make hair stronger and healthier.
Avoid harsh treatments - avoid chemicals and treatments such as highlights, dyes, peroxide and perms, which can cause permanent damage to the hair follicles.
Use soft brushes made of natural fibres - When buying a comb, choose one with wider bristle spacing.
Hair loss treatment for men
Not all types of hair loss can be prevented or slowed down. In such cases, these are some treatment options to combat hair loss:
- Medications - some over-the-counter medications can help treat hair loss. These include:
Minoxidil (Rogaine): it is a topical medicine and can be bought without a prescription. Minoxidil is known to dilate hair follicles and prolong hair growth. This results in longer hair and more strands.
Finasteride (Propecia): This is a pill that reduces the amount of the hormone DHT in the scalp. DHT is a hormone that attacks hair follicles, causing them to thin. You will need a prescription from your doctor to buy this pill.
- Hair transplantation is the only surgical procedure available to treat hair loss. The two most popular hair transplant surgeries are:
Follicular unit extraction (FUE) - hair follicles are extracted directly from the scalp and replanted on bald spots.
- Wigs - many men might prefer a non-medical way of combating hair loss. Wigs and chignons can be used to hide baldness.
- Alternative therapies - include the use of oils, saw palmetto, biotin and other readily available home remedies.
Improve your quality of life and book a consultation with one of our specialists who will answer your questions and determine the best course of treatment. Fill in the online form or call phone +371 267 777 76 and we'll be in touch. www.rubenhair.eu
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